International Council for the Study of Virus and Virus-like Diseases of the Grapevine

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Diseases: Some ongoing research

1. Australian Shiraz Disease  - In Our Backyard

 

In South Australia grapevines normally become dormant in July. However, if one looks at the vineyard just north of the ACPFG building (Hartley Grove, Waite Campus, Urrbrae), a couple of vines with bright red leaves are seen which have not yet gone dormant. These are not glory vines. Rather these are the symptoms of virus infection. We have named it Australian Shiraz Disease but it affects not only Shiraz but also Merlot and a few other varieties. In affected vines shoots remain green and leaves are retained until the end of the winter. Cabernet Sauvignon is resistant to it. These vines should not be used for top working. The only other country which has reported Shiraz Disease (SD) is South Africa. In both countries the major virus Grapevine virus A, a Vitivirus, has been detected in affected vines. The disease has been confirmed by Dr. Hans Moree, Stellenbosch University, who visited the Waite Diagnostics group on the 7th of July. However, there are some differences between the symptoms of SD in the two countries.

Nuredin Habili* and John Randles   Waite Diagnostics, University of Adelaide   nuredin.habili@adelaide.edu.au

 

2. Spread of grapevine leafroll disease in South Africa

 

Vineyards during autumn 2002/2003 in the Stellenbosch District, South Africa, showing the spread of grapevine leafroll disease

Images provided by Prof. Gerhard Pietersen, University of Pretoria - PhD thesis Anna Elizabeth Catharina Jooste, Department of Genetics University of Stellenbosch, Promoter: Prof. J.T. Burger, Co-promoter: Dr. D.E. Goszczynski).

 

Mealybug vectors transmit grapevine leafroll disease

Planococcus ficus under bark (2003)    

Planococcus ficus and ants on leafroll diseased leaf (2003)                

Planococcus ficus under bark (2003)                                    

Planococcus ficus under bark (2004-09)

Planococcus ficus at base of vine shoot

Images provided by Prof. Gerhard Pietersen, University of Pretoria, South Africa

 

 

 

 

ICVG ex-secretary, CH-1272 Genolier, Switzerland: paul.gugerli@icvg.ch or webmaster@icvg.ch